Broughton Family of South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama & Texas
Home | Broughton | Douglas | Gauntt | Grace | Owen | Lindley
Lowe | Barnes | Camp | Smith | Waggoner| Whaley | Winborne

The Broughtons -- from South Carolina to Texas

Nathaniel | John Henry | Edward, Jr. | Edward Thomas, Sr. | Edward Thomas, Jr.

Edward Broughton, Sumter Co., South Carolina

There is some question about who the father of Edward Broughton may have been. Descendants researching the line have claimed descent from two different sons of Thomas Broughton of South Carolina, who served as governor of that state from 1735 to 1737. Here are three possibilities of paternity:

1. In one source, The Broughton Memoirs, the author M. Leon Broughton speculates that Edward Broughton was actually Edward "Nathaniel" Broughton, son of Nathaniel Broughton and grandson to Thomas Broughton. However, no documented proof is given and the name "Nathaniel" or the initial "N" does not appear in any of the records which bear Edward Broughton's name. He did, though, name one of his sons Nathaniel.

2. Another claim to the Thomas Broughton line is based on the will of Thomas' son Andrew Broughton, who married Hannah Guerard. A descendant of Edward's son John claims Andrew's will states the possibility of an unborn son or daughter. If there was a male infant born shortly after the death of Andrew, he would have been born sometime in 1739-40 since the will was dated July 30, 1739.

3. Finally, another possiblity is that Edward was the son of Edward Broughton and Sarah Weatherly, widow of Thomas Weatherly, who were married in 1740 in St. Helene's Parish, SC. This possible patron is documented as a witness to several land deeds in the 1730's and early 1740's. Other records show Edward and his wife Sarah, of Granville County, St Helene's Parish, sold slaves to Joseph Jenkins on July 1, 1740.

Despite his now controversial paternity, we do know our Edward Broughton married Elizabeth Ragan, the daughter of Revoluntionary patriot William Ragan of Sumter County, South Carolina. The couple lived in South Carolina while it was still under British rule. As documented in a land grant dated May 10, 1773 (Sec. of State's Office, Book 000, Pg 638), King George III granted Edward 250 acres north of the Santee River in "Craven County St Mark's Parish on a branch called Halfway Swamp." The grant was signed by then Lieutenant Governor in Council, Geo. Davidson, certified by John Bremar and witnessed by the "Honorable William Bull Esq."

Another grant obtained by Edward Broughton followed the Revolutionary War. It states that for "Two pounds six shillings of sterling money paid by Edward Broughton into the Treasury for the use of this State (of South Carolina)" he is granted "a Plantation or Tract of Land, containing One hundred acres situated in the District of Camden on Halfway Swamp[...]." It was witnessed by "his excellency William Moultrie esq., Governor and Commander in Chief" of the State, at Charleston on May 2, 1784.

Edward would later (in 1785) have to sell part of his land to satisfy a debt he owed John Chesnut and Company. The court ruled that Chestnut and Company should recover the sum of 12 pounds, 6 shillings, 7 pence plus 3 pounds, 1 shilling, 5 pence for court cost. A writ of Furifacias issued by Honorable Thomas Waters, one of the judges, directed Sheriff Joseph Brevard to take over the lands and sell them to the highest bidder. A deed (indenture recorded in 1797) confirms that one of Edward's own sons, Nathaniel, was the highest bidder and bought the property at a public auction in 1785 for a flat 9 pounds. Fifteen years later Nathaniel would sell the land (350 acres) to James Harkneys (Harkness) for 140-150 dollars. (Deed Book AA, p. 61, Sumter Co., SC)

[Note: St Mark's Parish would later be chartered as Sumter County, South Carolina]

Edward was active in his community. According to Camden District South Carolina Wills and Administration, 1781-1787 (B. Holcomb & E. O. Parker Southern Historical Press, p.53), Edward was one of three men who appraised the Estate and Inventory of John Felder of St. Mark's Parish, Craven County. On February 4, 1784, in the Estate of Joshua Stone, a Warrant of Appraisement was issued for Edward and two other persons. According to South Carolina Jury Lists, 1718-1783 (Mary B. Warren, Heritage Press, 1977, p.35) Edward served on the Petit Jury in Camden District, Craven County, East of the Wateree in 1783.

According to the 1790 census of Clarendon County, South Carolina, the household of Edward Broughton included 3 males over the age of 16 including himself, 2 boys under the age of 16 and 3 females living with him at the time.

Edward and Elizabeth had the following children during the 18th century:

• Jemima Broughton was born ca. 1765. She married John Cannon, but following his death in 1809, she married her second husband, John Randall.

• Nathaniel Broughton was born ca. 1768.

• John Henry Broughton was born ca. 1773.

• Edward Broughton Jr. was born ca. 1777.

• Martha Broughton was born ca. 1778. She married Jeremiah James.

• Sally Broughton whose date of birth is unknown.

Research information submitted by:

Mary Lee Barnes of Tennessee - a descendant of Nathaniel, Edward T., Sr. and Edward T.,Jr.
Herbert W. "Hub" Broughton of Frisco, Alabama - a descendant of Nathaniel Broughton

Edward Broughton's Children: Nathaniel, John Henry & Edward (Jr.)

Nathaniel Broughton appears to have married Sarah Benbow around 1800-1802, though no documentation of this has been located. Sarah was also a South Carolina native who was born in 1780 (according to the 1850 census of Monroe County). Sarah is believed to have been the daughter of Richard Benbow, who listed a minor daughter, Sarah, in his will dated 1784.

[On a side-note: Sarah would name one of her sons "Richard" and one of Sarah's great-granddaughters would bear the name Benbow as her middle name.]

Nathaniel was on the Sumter County, South Carolina census in 1810, but he would not remain in his home state. He left what is present-day Sumter, SC area and settled in Monroe County, Alabama around 1814-7. Sarah Broughton appears on a list of charter members of the Old Salem Church, Monroe County, Alabama in 1817. Edward Broughton, believed to be Nathaniel's father, is listed as deceased in the same church records that same year. Also in 1817, church records indicate a Conference met concerning the baptism of several including Rachel and Mary Ann Broughton. In July 27, 1839, Nathaniel and Sarah Broughton were still listed as members on the church records.

Old Cahaba land records of Broughtons in Alabama list a Nathaniel Broughton in Monroe County on May 5, 1819 and an Edward T. Broughton in Monroe County on October 28, 1836.

Children: Information compiled from a variety of sources indicates Nathaniel and Sarah had the following children...

• James R. Broughton, born 1803 in South Carolina

• Edward Thomas Broughton, born 1805 in South Carolina, married Rachel Winborne Walker

• Nathaniel William Broughton, born 1807-8 in South Carolina, married Ann Nettles

• Charles Richard Broughton, born 1810 in Green County, Georgia, married Mary R. Snell.

• Sarah Broughton, who married William Brown

• Susannah Broughton, born 1814 in Alabama, married John O'Gwynne

One book written by a descendant identifies Mary Ann ("Mary A.E.") Broughton as the daughter of Nathaniel and Sarah, born May 4, 1810 and died October 14, 1883 in Bucatunna, Mississippi, married to Jesse Cornelius Thames, a Baptist minister. But that same book quotes another source Proud to Remember, by Kearl, that states Mary Ann is Edward Broughton's daughter and therefore Nathaniel's sister. Neither source gives documented proof of a connection.

Death in Mississippi:

For unknown reasons, Nathaniel would head further west a short time prior to his death. At age 82, he is listed on the 1850 census living with a grandson, Nathaniel W. Broughton (age 23) in Green County, Leakville, Mississippi.

It was there, in 1852, in Leakville, that Nathaniel died.

His handwritten will, witnessed by Walter Denny and Fasgeher M Leah, was filed in Monroe County, Alabama. In it, he left to his wife Sarah, an estate of 4 slaves plus all household and kitchen furniture. After her death, the slaves were to be sold and the money equally divided between his two daughters, Sarah Brown and Susan O'Gwynne. Sarah died in Monroe County, AL in 1859. Nathaniel also left instructions in his will that his slave, Henry, was to learn carpentry and, at age 21, be given his freedom. Jesse Thames and Washington Aldreidge were appointed to remove the property and see "that the whole of said will be carried out" in Codicil dated June 23, 1852.

Nathaniel at FaG

John Henry Broughton was born December 28, 1773 in St Mark's Parish, South Carolina, to Edward and Elizabeth Ragan Broughton. (William Ragan's Will, dated January 15, 1785 leaves part of his estate to "John Broughton, the son of my daughter, Elizabeth Broughton. On March 3, 1800, John sold the land, consisting of 208 acres to James Harkness for $500. The deed was originally recorded Sept. 16, 1800.)

Like his brother Nathaniel, John would leave South Carolina behind and head west. He moved to Georgia around 1802, eventually settling in the Greene County area.

John would have several wives. His first was Sarah Dye, with whom he had no children. John Henry's second wife was Mary Jerdine, with whom he had four children:

• Ann (Annie) - married Vincent Sandford on Nov. 14, 1822.
• Elizabeth - married Charles S. Lee on Oct. 2, 1826.
• Edward, born 1804.
• Mary, born 1808. She died in 1826.

Mary Jerdine Broughton died in 1808 (during childbirth?) and is buried in Greensboro Cemetery, Greensboro, Georgia. Her headstone is inscribed:

Mary Broughton
nee Mary Jerdine
Consort of John Broughton
Born in Liberty County, Georgia 1776
Died Greene County, Georgia 1808
32 years old

Her and John's daughter, Mary, is buried there as well. Her tombstone reads:

Mary Broughton
daughter of
Mary Jerdine and John Broughton
Born 1808 - Died 1826
"Gentle Lady, May Thy Grave
Peace and Quiet Ever Have"
Mary E Jerdine Broughton, Find-A-Grave memorial
John Henry Broughton, Find-A-Grave Memorial


John's third wife was Margaret Wright, daughter of Robert Wright. To them were born the following children:

• Caroline - married William Carson on Dec. 23, 1835.

• Jeanette (Genette); married her cousin, John Ragan Broughton, son of her uncle Edward Broughton (Jr.) on May 8, 1833. Following his death three years later, she remarried. Her second husband was Augustus Tarpley.

• Epsie, born circa 1817; married her cousin, Edward Broughton, son of her uncle Edward Broughton (Jr.) and brother of the above mentioned John Ragan Broughton, on May 22, 1838.

Epsey's Find-A-Grave memorial

• Letitia, who died in infancy.

• Sarah, born circa 1821 - married John Branch (born Jan. 21, 1830)

• John T., born circa 1817 - married Ann Americus Perkins (born circa 1825)

• Virginia, who died young.

• Lorena - married Courtney Peyr.

• Jacob Laurentine - married his cousin, Mary Cantey Broughton, daughter of his uncle Edward Broughton (Jr.)

The names of the seven children (who lived to adulthood) from John's last marriage are listed in his will which was reproduced in the Broughton Memoirs, written by M. Leon Broughton.

John is found on the 1850 census in Georgia at the age of 75. He's also listed in the Militia District 1854 Greene County, Georgia as "John F. Broughton" with 64 slaves.

Edward Broughton and Elizabeth (Ragan) Broughton's son, Edward Broughton Jr., shared his father's name and unlike his brothers would remain in South Carolina where many of his descendants still live.

[NOTE: Jr. is added to his name for the sole purpose of maintaining clarity between father and son. It is not found on any legal historical records. Edward Jr.'s son, whom is also named Edward, will be referred to as Edward Broughton III for the same reason.]

He was born around 1778 (according to the 1850 census of SC which put his age at 72). He married Naomi Cantey whose birth (if calculated according to her age given on the 1840 census of SC) was probably around 1785.

Children: According to the Broughton Memoirs, census records and other sources, Edward and Naomi had 11 children listed as follows:

• Martha, born ca.1806 - married (?) Butler. She's listed as Mary Butler, age 44, on the 1850 census of Sumter District along with 3 females and 1 male: Laura, age 23; Samuel, age 18; Livia, age 12 and Mary, age 7. All born in South Carolina.

• Charlotte, born ca. 1808 - married Thomas Maples.

• William C. - no more info. except record dated Feb. 5, 1835 showing Wm. C. Broughton was witness to Edward Broughton's purchase of a young male slave from James Brunson.

• John Ragan (Ragin), born ca. 1812 - married his cousin, Jeanette (Gennette) L. Broughton, daughter of his uncle John, on May 8, 1833. John Ragan died about 3 years later. His father, Edward, and uncle, John Henry Broughton, were administrators of his estate, "bond dated November 21, 1836, citation dated November 16, 1836, Sumter conveyance Sumter Roll 2001 1-8-1839. 'John Ragin Broughton moved to Georgia and since died.'"

• Napoleon Laurentine, who, according to father's will, went to California, married a minister's daughter & had 3 daughters.

• Edward Broughton (III), born June 24, 1816. He married his cousin, Epsie (Essey) Elliot Broughton, daughter of his uncle John Henry Broughton, on May 22, 1838. Edward III died on Christmas Eve, Dec. 24, 1847.

• Thomas Nathaniel, born 1818 - married Martha Starke.

• Marie, born before 1820 and died young.

• Naomi, born ca.1820 - James Lawrence.

• Mary Cantey, born 1827 - married her cousin, Jacob L. Broughton, son of her uncle John Henry. She lived in Georgia and then later moved to Arkansas.

•Jackson, born February 9, 1829 - married in 1859 to Leonora Harvin, daughter of Charles Richard & Ann Tindall Harvin. Jackson died on August 23, 1890.


Other notable facts: There have been Broughtons in South Carolina since before 1700. The late 1700s and early 1800s in Georgia and South Carolina are difficult to make Broughton ties because of lost records during the Revolutionary War and the migration into the area from other parts of the country.

Research information submitted by:

Mary Lee Barnes of Tennessee - a descendant of Edward Thomas Broughton Sr.
Herbert W. "Hub" Broughton of Frisco, Alabama - a descendant of Nathaniel Broughton

Edward Thomas Broughton, Sr.

Nathaniel and Sarah's son, Edward Thomas Broughton Sr. was born in 1805 in South Carolina. On December 18 1823, he married Rachel Winborne Walker, daughter of Dempsey Winborne, Jr. and Priscilla Owen of South (Rachel was the grand-daughter of Dempsey Winborne Sr. a Revolutionary War soldier in York County, South Carolina. She had been married previously to Robert Walker - Monroe County, Alabama. Her father, Dempsey Jr was an ordained minister of Old Salem Baptist Church in Monroe Co. AL)

Owner of Land and Slaves

According to Alabama land records, Broughton acquired some land in Monroe County on October 8, 1826. Some sources written by descendants claim he was elected sheriff of Monroe County and served two terms in the General Assembly of Alabama "with credit to himself, satisfaction to his constituents and to the best interests of the commonwealth." But no official records in the Alabama archives have been found yet that could confirm this. Records were located that show Broughton served two terms (1826-1833) as the Justice of the Peace in Monroe County. [NOTE: Monroe County is one of many Alabama counties that suffered a loss of public records in a string of mysterious courthouse fires in the last part of the 19th century.]

According to deed records, on February 11, 1842, Edward Broughton and Rachel C. Broughton sold 400 acres in six tracts to Nathaniel Broughton, presumably Edward's father, for $12,000. On that same date, Nathaniel sold to Edward eight slaves for $4,000. In October of that same year, Edward purchased four more slaves from Nathaniel for $3,000.

On The Move

Edward and his family moved to Arkansas in 1842, but since their stay in Arkansas was neither early nor long enough, the Broughtons do not appear on either the 1840 or 1850 Census of Arkansas. However, Masonic records confirm they were living in Ouachita County until about 1847.

The family of E.T. Sr., including his mother-in-law, Priscilla Winborne, came to Texas in 1848 settling first in Jasper County for about a year, then, in 1850, moved to Old Larissa in Cherokee County. In the report of the Larissa Masonic Lodge No.57 in 1852, among the Master Masons named were E. T. Broughton, his son, D.W. Broughton and J. G. James (his son-in-law).

On the 1850 Census in Cherokee County, E. T. is 45-years-old, a farmer originally from South Carolina. Also listed in his household are: (his wife) R. C. Broughton, 50-year-old female from South Carolina; (his children) Edward T. age 16 of Alabama, Amanda M., age 14 of Alabama and Ann, age 11 of Alabama; and his mother-in-law, 72-year-old Priscilla Winborne of South Carolina.

Edward's sons, Nathaniel W. and Dempsey W. were also listed on the Cherokee County Census on 1850 as heads of their own households.

[NOTE: J.C. Walker is also found on the 1850 Census and, despite a conflicting middle initial, some researchers believe him to be Rachel Broughton's son, J. O. Walker from her first marriage. The circumstantial evidence to support this assumption is that J.C. Walker had a son named Dempsey and was a Baptist minister. Rachel's father and grandfather were both named Dempsey, as was her son Dempsey W. Broughton. Also, her father and her son, Dempsey, were both ministers. And, in a special issue of The Chronicles of Old Omen, it is mentioned that John O. Walker was the proprietor of the first mercantile store in 1852, and he was from Cherokee County. J.C. Walker also had a son listed on the 1850 census of Cherokee County named W. H. Walker, age 9. Ten years later, the 1860 census of Smith County TX shows a 19-year-old W. H. Walker living with Rachel's mother, Priscilla Winborne, age 81.]

Children: Various research shows Edward Thomas Broughton and Rachel Winborne (Walker) Broughton had seven children as follows:

i. Dempsey Winborne Broughton, born August 15, 1824, Monroe County Alabama, Presbyterian minister

ii. Nathaniel William Broughton, born June 30, 1826 near Birmingham Alabama, married Flora Neal, served with Company C, Seventh Texas Infantry, CSA, died Dec. 13, 1914

Nathaniel at FindaGrave

iii. Sarah Priscilla Broughton, born December 31, Monroe Co. AL - She married Joseph G.(Gabe) James (b. May 1824, d.Dec. 28, 1875). Sarah died Sept. 2, 1880 and is buried with her husband at Kaufman Cemetery in Kaufman County Texas. [Note: J.G. James is listed with his father-in-law as Master Masons in the report of Larissa Masonic Lodge No. 57 in 1852.]

Sarah at FaG

iv. Rachel Elizabeth Broughton, born Monroe Co. Alabama. She married Henry M. Arnold on September 29, 1853 in Smith County. [Note: This was apparently her second marriage, because marriage records filed in Smith Co. give her name as Rachel Neel] She died on June 13, 1896 and is buried in Elkins Cemetery in Smith Co. Texas.

Rachel, FaG 01
Rachel, FaG 02

iv. Edward Thomas Broughton (Jr), born April 3, 1834, Monroe County, Alabama.

v. Amanda M. Broughton, born May 6, 1836 Monroe County, Alabama - She married John C. Collier on November 17, 1853. She died December 5, 1911 and is buried with her husband in Elkins Cemetery in Smith County, Texas, located just west of Arp on Farm-to-Market road 345.

Amanda 01
Amanda 02

vi. Ann Broughton, born ca. 1839 in Alabama. She married Lt. James F. Walker CSA (born ca. 1832 in Georgia) - In 1860, the couple lived in Smith County where they had 2 daughters: Nannet (b. 1858) and Laura (b. 1860) [Note: Ann's father, Edward T. was named as a witness in several probate records in Smith County including one for her family's estate. In 1863, E. T. was named guardian of Ann's two children. "E. T. Broughton petitioned as guardian 3/17/1863. Nanette James Walker and Ann Mariah Walker, under 14, heirs of Lt. James Walker who died September 1862 in the service of the Confederate States (of America) leaving no widow. Appraisers: Joseph G. James, James Wesley Weeks, William Weeks, household articles $268, additional inventory watch $25. Report of 2/23/1866 states that N. J. Walker is deceased." ]

From 1852 through the Civil War, Edward T. Broughton Sr. lived in Smith County where he records show he became Clerk of Court in the Commissioner's Court from June 20, 1853 to Augusst 21, 1854. The 1860 Census of Smith County shows Edward had amassed an estate worth $3,000 with an additional $12,000 in personal property. After the Civil War, E. T. Broughton and his wife Rachel moved to Kaufman County, Texas where they lived near their sons, Dempsey W. and Edward T. Jr.

Death Rachel died in Kaufman County Texas in 1869 however the location of her gravesite is unknown. Sometime during the following year Edward moved further west with his son, Nathaniel W. Broughton where he lived another two decades. In 1891, at the age of 86, Edward Thomas Broughton (Sr.) died. He is buried in the Great Rock Bluff Cemetery in Comanche County, Texas located about 6 miles west of DeLeon, Texas.

Edward T. at Find A Grave

E.T. Broughton, Sr. b. March 10, 1805; d. April 30 1891. Deleon, Tex.

A great man gone to his reward.Edward T. Broughton departed this life April 30, Inst. Bro. Broughton was born on march 10,1805 in the State of South Carolina ; moved with his father to Alabama when a boy; was married to Mrs. Rachel C. Walker Nov. 14 , 1823; professed faith in Christ in early life, and united with the Baptist Church over sixty years ago; moved to Arkansas and to Texas in 1848; wife died in Kaufman Co. 1869.

He was the father of D.W.Broughton who died in Dallas in 18--. There were nine children born to them and only 3 survive him. Bro Broughton was a man of great integrety and faith. He suffered much [before] he died, but bore it as a good soldier of the cross.

He was a man of prominence in the state as well as church. He was elected sheriff several times in Alabama and was chosen by his people to represent them in the legislature of that State from 1825 to 1830. He was one of the Lords noblemen. May the blessings of the heavenly father rest on the loved ones left behind. Frank B. Neely.

Research information submitted by: Mary Lee Barnes of Tennessee - a descendant of Edward Thomas Broughton Sr.

Edward Thomas Broughton, Jr

Edward Thomas "Tom" Broughton Jr. was born April3, 1834 to Edward Thomas Broughton and his wife Rachel Winborne (Walker) Broughton. During his childhood, he would move with his parents and siblings from Monroe County Alabama to Ouachita County, Arkansas in 1842 then to Jasper County, Texas in 1847. By 1850, just in time for the US Census a 16-year-old E. T. Broughton Jr was living in Cherokee County, Texas near Old Larissa. Then about 1852, the Broughtons moved to Smith County, Texas near Old Omen.

The following is an excerpt from an unpublished book written by Mary Lee Barnes in 1990 on The Broughton Family (Part 1, pg 27).

"It is stated in an article written in The Encyclopedia of the New West in 1881 that he was educated in the common schools of the country, but not being satisfied with these 'meager attainments,' he began to study law and classical literature and taught school. One family legend says that at age 18 he went back to Jasper to teach and, apparently, to continue his study of the law. In 1858 he was admitted to law practice and he immediately went into partnership with T. B. Greenwood of Athens, in Herderson County, Texas. His brother D. W. had already joined the firm."

The above quote is footnoted - based on the following sources: Broughton Memoirs by Milton Leon Broughton, 1972, 3rd edition, p 170. and from copies of Broughton Family Papers, Mars Collection from Shirley Frain, Tucker, Georgia.

Tom, as Edward T. Broughton Jr was called, married Mary Elizabeth Douglas (daughter of Rev. Alexander Douglas of Smith County, Texas) on June 6, 1856 in Smith County, Tx.

The Broughton couple would have seven children:

Sargeant Prentiss, born May 3, 1857; Smith County;

Tomie Margaret, born June 24, 1861; Smith County

Salina Ema, born October 1863, Smith County

John and James "Jim" Postell, born November 24, 1865, Kaufman County,

Edward Thomas III, born December 20, 1868, Grayson County, and

William Pinckney, born August 29, 1871, Grayson County.

Tom supported his family with his law practice which continued to grow steadily in Athens, but in 1859, he and his brother D. W. moved their practice to Kaufman, Texas where they partnered with another attorney, R. H. English. Tom even became a candidate for District Attorney, carrying five of the seven counties in the district, but then came the Civil War....

The Civil War Years

In 1861, shortly after the birth of his second child, daughter Tomie Margaret, Tom left his family and joined the Confederate Army, enlisting in a group called the Texas Wide Awakes which was organized in Kaufman County. He was on the muster roll of Captain Jack Wharton's company. Then records show became Captain of the 7th Texas Infantry, Company C, commanded by Col. John Gregg. The company mustered in Marshall and in October moved to Hopkinsville, Kentucky.

Tom would be imprisoned twice during the war. The first time was after his regiment was sent to Fort Donaldson, Tennessee where a four-day fight ended with the Confederate fort surrendering to General U. S. Grant. As a prisoner of war, E. T. "Tom" Broughton Jr would spend time at Camp Douglas near Chicago, Camp Chase near Columbus Ohio and Johnson's Island near Sandusky, Ohio. In September of 1862, he was taken to Vicksburg where on the 26th, he was exchanged.

After his release, Tom returned home briefly to recruit and then, in December 1862, he went to Port Hudson, Louisiana, where he joined Confederate forces to battle Farragut's gunboats and their bombardment of the fort.

In a report filed in May of 1863 in the Official Record of the Union and Confederate Armies, Colonel H. B. Granbury, 7th Texas Infantry gives an account Broughton at the engagement of Raymond, Mississippi. He writes, "I omitted to state that Captain E. T. Broughton, Company C, was among the last to leave the creek, having animated his men throughout the affair with his presence and bearing. He is among the missing."

Captain Broughton found himself again a prisoner of war at Johnson's Island where he remained for a year and spent some of his time studying French. While he was held prisoner, his wife would give birth to the couple's third child and second daughter, Salina. Also during this time, Tom was stricken with small pox and became nearly blind. It was in this physical condition that he was again exchanged in May of 1864.

According to the War Department - Adjutant's General's Office, when Tom's wife, Mollie, applied for a pension, their report states Captain Broughton was paroled at Hammond General Hospital, Point Lookout, Maryland on May 3, 1864 and was received at Acken's Landing May 8, 1864 for exchange. No later record has been found.

Captain or Colonel?

One researcher notes that upon his exchange Tom was immediately promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel of the regiment then commanded by Colonel J. W. Brown of Rusk. He wrote of the promotion in letters to his wife, Mollie, but apparently the promotion was never officially recorded. Another researcher, James McCaffrey, author of A Band of Heroes, has written that General Granbury recommended Broughton for a promotion on August 10, 1864 just a few weeks after the Battle of Atlanta, "but the record is not clear as to whether or not the promotion came through." While records indicate Broughton resigned "as captain of Company C, 7th TX Infantry Regiment," he's referred to as Colonel Broughton in many records following the war.

The End is Near

Despite his impaired health, Tom would return to battle. He is said to have joined John B. Hood's Brigade and took part in those "desparate and disastrous campaigns." He fought in battles at Decatur, Alabama, Spring Hill and Franklin, Tennessee. During the Battle at Franklin, where 15 generals were either killed or wounded, E. T. "Tom" Broughton commanded a regiment in three days of fighting around Nashville despite receiving a severe wounded in the thigh. According to the book, A Band of Heroes, Captain E. T. Broughton took over command as senior officer after General Granbury had been killed at the battle of Franklin, Tennessee and "that the use of a Captain as Commanding Officer was highly unusual and indicates the condition Confederate Forces were in." After the army retreated to Corinty and then to Tupelo, Mississippi, the nearly blind and wounded Broughton suffering from "obstinate chronic conjunctivitis and general debility" resigned his command on January 16, 1865. He was granted leave of absence pending action on his resignation. General Lee surrended a few weeks later.

Reconstruction & a Return to the Law

After the war, Tom returned to his law practice in Kaufman. In May 1867 he moved his family to Sherman Texas in Grayson County. In April 1869, the Sherman Courier printed an add for his law firm:

"Broughton and Porter, Attorneys at Law Office Northeast of the square."

From a History of Grayson County we get this quote:

"The following are some of the attorneys who were residents of Grayson County during the reconstruction period: E. T. Broughton for whom Broughton Street is named; J. S. & George W. Porter, Bros."

In Sherman,Texas, E. T. Broughton Jr. ran for and was elected to the Texas State Legislature. In Members of the Legislature of the State of Texas from 1846 to 1939, E. T. Broughton is recorded as serving in the Twelfth Legislature under Gov. Davis and Lt Gov. Flannagan in: Provisional Session (Feb. 8-24, 1870), Called Session (April 26-August 15, 1870), Regular Session (Jan.10-May 31, 1871) and First Called Session (Sept.12-Dec.2, 1871). The record also shows him participating in the Thirteenth Legislature under Gov. E.J. Davis and Lt Gov. Don Campbell in: Regular Session (Jan. 14-June 4, 1871) "District 22 Sherman Grayson County and other counties in the district: Cooke, Denton, Jack, Montague, Wise, Clay, Young Wichita, Throckmorton and Baylor."

In The Encyclopedia of the New West the following description is given of Broughton: "Described as a man of fine appearance, nearly six feet tall, erect commanding, he was a man of superior intellect, strong in his prejudices, ardent in his attachments, bitter in his enmities, but gentlemanly in deportment, honest adn true inall his actions, an able lawyer, and eloquent advocate, an upright citizen and one whom his fellowmen delighted to honor."


Edward T. Broughton Jr. lived until February 11, 1874 when he died allegedly of a service-related illness shortly before his fortieth birthday. The following is his obituary as published in the SHerman Courier on February 12, 1874.

"Col. E. T. Broughton died at this residence in this city at 2 o'clock yesterday evening, from a lingering illness of several months.

"Col. Broughton has been in Sherman since 1867 during which time Sherman has had no more devoted a friend. He served with distinction as a Senator from the 22nd District in the Legislature since 1869 and had it not been for his bad health, he would probably have been re-elected to that important position. He won his military title by service in the Confederate Army, answering to the first call made by the troops, and remained by his flag he loved until all was lost save honor. He leaves a small family and a host of friends to mourn his loss."

Tom Broughton was apparently buried in Sherman, Texas, although, sadly, noone knows his exact burial place.

Thomas Broughton , Governor of South Carolina

These notes are transcribed from Shirley C. (Power) Frain's original notes. Parenthetical notes are hers, made for her own memory-jog; they were not meant to be read by others before she finished her research. "scf" are Shirley's initials. Unfortunately, Shirley died before she could finish her research. Square brackets are my notes; my initials are ghp. Guy H. Power


	Thomas Broughton was the second son of Andrew and Ann Overton Broughton. 
The Broughton Family lived in Seaton, England.  However in at least two
sources researched, these sources indicate that Thomas Broughton was not
born in England [she does not cite the sources, ghp].  Where he was born I
have not been able to determine as of 7 August 1982.

	Not all of the Broughton family emigrated to south Carolina, some of the
family remained in England, two of his sisters (Mrs.) Christiana and Lydia
are mentioned in his will dated 22 July 1725 as residing in England.  One
sister Constantia Broughton did emigrate to South Carolina and married John
Ashby, 2nd Cacique [??, ghp], who died in 1716.  Constantia Broughton Ashby
died in 1729-1721.  Many of her descendants are located in Charleston,
South Carolina.

	Thomas Broughton emigrated to South Carolina from the West Indies
(footnote 1.  Biographical directory of The South Carolina House of
Representatives, Vol II, Commons House of Assembly 1692-1775, pp. 103-105).
 He possibly emigrated from the Leeward Islands where his father-in-law Sir
Nathaniel Johnson was Governor from 1686-1689.

	South Carolina was not settled until 1670-1680.  The list of passengers
aboard the ships bringing colonists to South Carolina did not survive
according to the South Carolina Archives.

	The first record of Thomas Broughton in South Carolina was in 1692 when he
pledged allegiance to the King and Queen of England.

	Trying to determine his character from information that is available is
very difficult.  He appears to be a very complex individual.  He is
alternately portrayed as a plain, honest, family man, and very generous in
donations to the church.  On the other hand, his political life appears to
have been dishonest or at the very least questionable.  It must be
understood that this period for the colonists was very difficult.  The
political climate during these early years was filled with dissention in
every section. There was continuing conflicts with the Indians, the Spanish
in St. Augustine, Florida, and later with James Oglethorpe in the colony of
Georgia.  There was also great concern about the slave population, which
greatly outnumbered the white population.  In the 1720s there was a slave

	During his military career he rose from Captain (1696), to Major (1697),
to Colonel (1700), to Major General (1706).  Although he held the rank of
Major General, he was usually referred to as Colonel Broughton.  (Footnote
2, Ibid).  He served South Carolina in the following offices:

1695.  Capt. Thomas Broughton, for a Committee for "Caryed for a Tax upon
Skinns and furns" [sic – possibly "furrs," ghp] (#3, see B-Misc File).

1696-1703.  Member of Assembly – Berkeley and Craven Counties.

18 June1702.  Appointed a deputy for John Lord Carteret – one of the Lords
Proprietor.  (#4 – Biographical Directory of the South Carolina House of
Representatives, Vol. II, Commons House of Assembly 1692-1775, pp 103-105).

1703.  Commissioner, Under the Wild Cattle Act. (#5, ibid).
1704-1706.  Commissioner, Church Acts.

1707.  Surveyor General  (1709?)  (check on this scf)

1707-1708, 1710, 1716.  Commissioner to Sign Bills of Credit (#6, ibid).

1708.  Controller and collector of customs.

1710, 1712.  Commissioner of Free School at Charleston (Charles Towne).

1715.  In Yamassee Indian War.

1717, 1719.  Commissioner, under Several Revenue Acts (#7, ibid).

1716, 1717, 1720.  Named as an Assistant to Judge of Admiralty to try men
accused of Piracy (#8, ibid).

1716-1717.  Speaker of 15th Assembly (#9, ibid).

1717.  Member of the Council.

1718-1719.  One of the Commissioners to regulate Indian Trade.  This act
among others was ratified on 20 March 1718/1719 and "…were the last
attempted legislation under the Proprietary Government" (#10, The History
of South Carolina Under Proprietary Government 1670-1719, p. 406).

1719.  Commissioner to receive taxes (#11, Biographical Directory of the
South Carolina House of Representatives, Vol II, Commons House of Assembly
1692-1775, pp. 103-105).

1721.  Collector of the Port of Charleston (#12, ibid).

1721.  Commissioner of the High Roads for St. Johns Berkeley (#13, ibid).

1721, 1734.  Justice of the Peace for Berkeley County (#14, ibid).

1725-1717 [sic, "1727"? ghp].   Speaker of the Assembly.

1730.  Member of Council (#15, ibid).

1731-1735.  Lt. Governor of south Carolina by Commission of the King of

1733.  Commissioner of the Free School at Childsbury (#16, ibid).

1735-1737.  Acting Governor of South Carolina.

	Col. Thomas Broughton served twice on the South Carolina Jury in 1720,
once as Grand Juror and another as Petit Juror.  The district or area he
represented is not given (#17, SC Jury Lists, 1718-1783, by: Mary B.
Warren, p. 35).

	4 May 1704.  Introduction of Church Act Bill.  "Its title, for the more
effectual preservation of the government of this province by requiring all
persons that hereafter be chosen members of the Commons House of Assembly,
and sit in the same to take the oaths and subscribe the declaration
appointed by the act and to conform to the religious worship in this
province according to the Church of England, and to receive the sacrement
of the Lord's supper according to the rite of said church."

	It bears the date 6th of May, and was signed by (Governor and Council) Sir
Nathaniel Johnson, and Colonel Thomas Broughton, Col. James Moore, Robert
Gibbes, Esq., Henry Noble, Esq., and Nicholas Trott, Esq., of the council."

	["]Later passed in the Assembly by a majority of one, twelve voting for it
and eleven against it.  Seven members were absent" (#18, The History of
South Carolina Under the Proprietary Government 1670-1719, by: Edward
McCrady, p. 406).

	Thomas Broughton was one of the signers of this celebrated Church Act
Bill.  This was a civil conflict turned into a religious one by Thomas
Broughton's father-in-law and governor of the colony, Sir Nathaniel
Johnson.  "One of the Proprietors lord Grainville was a bigot and since the
Charter and the Fundamental Constitution of the colony state…according to
the Church of England which being the true and Orthodox and the only
national religion, of all the king's dominions is also of Carolina and
therefore it alone shall be allowed to receive public maintenance by grant
of Parliament" (#19 Charleston, Mrs. Julien Ravenel, pp 42-43).

	Lord Grainville's argument was "If a man holds a false and illegal
religion, he cannot be fit to sit in Parliament and legislate for people
who know the truth" (#20, ibid).

	"There was dissention especially Collecton County.  There were also a
large group of French Hugenotes who had been naturalized some years before
and had the right to vote" (#21, ibid).

	"An appeal to the Proprietors and finally Queen Anne, declared these laws
null and void in the colony" (#22, ibid).

	In 1708 Thomas Broughton being prevented from enslaving free Indians by
the Indian Agent Nairne hatched a plot with some of his men and accused
Nairne of "seeking to dethrone Queen Anne in favor of the Pretender."  Bail
was not allowed in the charge of high treason and Nairne lay in jail for
five months.  He was never tried.  Nairne's complaints to the Proprietors
may have helped to remove Gov. Nathaniel Johnson (#23, The History of South
Carolina, by: David Wallace, Vol. I, p. 185).

	In 1710, Thomas Broughton came close to starting a civil war in South
Carolina.  "Gov. Johnson's successor Col. Edward Tynte died after a
seven-month administration and the three deputies in the colony proceeded
to choose a governor.  At the morning session Robert Gibbes and Thomas
Broughton each voted for himself.  Turbeville voted for Broughton but in
the afternoon changed his vote to Gibbes, who was thus declared elected. 
But wen Turbeville was found to have been bribed, a battle between the town
militia was barely averted…" (#24, South Carolina, A Short History
1520-1948, by: David Duncan Wallace, p. 80).  Several sources have
indicated that Turbeville died of apoplexy (stroke) the dame day.

		An excellent account of this incident is given in The Early History of
the Southern States, Virginia, North and South Carolina, by Lambert Lilly,
Schoolmaster, 1833, pages 138-142 (#25) 

Upon the death of Governor Tynte, in 1710, a civil war was on the point of
breaking out.  It seems that a Mr. Gibbes was chosen to succeed Tynte; but
he received only one vote more than Mr. Broughton; and this one vote, as
Broughton said, was obtained by bribery.  He insisted, therefore, on his
own claim to act as governor.  But Gibbes insisted on his with the same
perseverance, and the greater part of the people took sides with him. 
Broughton, however, collected a number of armed men at his plantation, for
the defence of his own supposed rights, and marched to Charleston.  Gibbes,
who resided in that town, soon got intelligence of his approach.  He
immediately caused a general alarm to be fired, and the militia to be
called together.  Broughton, by this time, had approached the walls and
gates of Charleston.  

Gibbes ordered the drawbridge, standing near the intersection of Broad and
Meeting streets, to be hauled up. After a short parley, Broughton's party
who had now come up, the latter demanded admittance. Gibbes called out to
them from within the walls, and asked why they came armed in such numbers,
and whether they would acknowledge himself their rightful governor.  "We
have understood," answered they, "That there is an alarm about something or
other in the town, and have come to see what is the matter.  As for Gibbes,
they said they would not won him for their governor."

 "Gibbbes now denied them entrance.  Before this, many of them began to
gallop round the walls,  towards Craven's bastion," so called, to get
entrance there; being prevented, however, they soon returned to the
drawbridge.  But by this time, some of the people of the town, and quite a
number of sailors, appeared to be mustering together from vessels then in
the harbor, in favor of the Broughton party.  The latter undertook,
therefore, to force down the drawbridge, and effect a passage.  Gibbes'
party opposed, but were not allowed to fire upon them.

Several blows and wounds, however, were given and received on both sides. 
The sailors, who were within, and Broughton's own party without, finally
prevailed so far as to lower the drawbridge.  They entered it and proceeded
to the watch-house in Broad Street. There the two town companies of militia
were posted, under arms, and with colors flying.  Broughton's party
approached them and halted.  One of them drew a paper from his pocket.  It
was probably some proclamation of Broughton's.  The man undertook to read
it; but the militia made such a tremendous uproar with their drums, and all
other means in their power, that the poor fellow stretched his voice to its
utmost compass in vain.  Not a syllable of the proclamation could be heard.
 Broughton's party now marched off towards "Granville's bastion," being
escorted by the sailors on foot, who were ready for any mischief.  As the
party passed the front of the militia, whose guns levelled, loaded and
cocked, some of Broughton's sailors catched at the colors, and tore them
from the staff.  On this provocation, a few of the militia, without any
orders, fired their pieces; but nobody was hurt.  One Capt. Brewton
resolutely drew his sword, at this moment, stepped up to the sailor who had
committed the outrage, and demanded the torn ensign. Capt. Evans, one of
Broughton's best men, alighted, and prudently obliged the sailor to return
Broughton's party continued their march about the town for sometime.  They
then proclaimed Broughton governor.  After hurraing as loudly as they were
able, and making various other noises, they approached the gate of the town
fort, and made a show of forcing it.  Here, however, they observed Capt.
Pawley with his pistol cocked, and many other gentlemen with their guns
presented, who forbade them, at their peril, to attempt the gate. 
This attempt seemed to have a salutary effect in cooling down these hot
headed people.  They soon withdrew a tavern on the bay, where their
proclamation was read a second time.  After much altercation and several
messages and answers between the Parties, the dispute was referred to the
decision of the lords proprietors; the later decided in favor of neither
Gibbes or Broughton, though the former acted as Governor.  Meanwhile,
Charles Craven was soon appointed to take the place of Gibbes; and thus
ended all this mighty noise and smoke.  Such, generally, is the result of
hot-headed quarrels.

The proprietors declared Gibbes election illegal because of bribery.  He
was allowed to continue in office for practically a year and made an
excellent governor (#26 South Carolina – A Short History 1520-1948, By:
David Duncan Wallace, p. 80).

	After the Proprietary Government, south Carolina was made a Royal Colony. 
"The Crown appoints the Governor, (Constitutional, Judicial, Executive,
etc.) all these powers, as they exist in the Crown.  The Council was
appointed by the King.  The Assembly consists of the representatives of the
people and are elected by them as the House of Commons in Great Britain"
(#27, The History of South Carolina, by: Alexander Hewatt, p.2).

	Under the Royal Government, "It was one of the grievances of the colonists
that none of them could ever hope to receive the highest appointments in
the province.  These were reserved for placement from England.  Broughton
and the Bulls, however well they might administer the government in the
absence of a governor, could never aspire to be more than Lieutenant
Governor" (#28, The History of South Carolina Under the Proprietary
Government 1670-1719, by: Edward McCrady, p. 36).

	Thomas Broughton was Speaker of the Assembly 1725-1727.  At a joint
meeting of the two houses held on December 18, 1727, for purposes of
ratifying the Governor's thirty-fifth instructions.  The Speaker of the
Assembly, Thomas Broughton, "advanced a very ingenious interpretation of
the bill.  It allowed the Council an equal power with the Assembly in
framing, altering, and amending money bills and enjoined the Governor not
to allow the assembly or any of its members any power or privilege which
was not permitted by the King to the House of Commons or the Members
thereof in England.  By a process of negative reasoning, Broughton argued
that the Assembly in South Carolina possessed all the powers and privileges
of the House of Commons.  As the Commons in England had the sole right of
framing, altering, and amending money bills, the representative assembly of
South Carolina had the same right.  He went on to say that the term money
bills used in the instructions must mean paper money bills and not pure tax

	"This was the greatest victory yet achieved by the Assembly.  It was the
first time that they had definitely denied the right of the Council to
amend money bills.  Although there were numerous other disputes over the
question, the advantage thus gained was never given up" (#29, South
Carolina as a Royal Province 1719-1776, by: W. Roy Smith, pp. 294-295).

	Thomas Broughton was appointed by the King of England in 1731 as Lt.
Governor of South Carolina, along with his brother-in-law, Robert Johnson
who was appointed Governor of the colony.  Robert Johnson died in 1735, and
Lt. Governor Thomas Broughton became Acting Governor of the colony until
his death in 1737.

	His term as Acting Governor was "more remarkable for another
Constitutional struggle.  This time it was between the Commons House of
Assembly on one side and himself as Governor with his Council on the

	The Assembly refused to acknowledge any right of the Council as to it
being the same as the House of Lords in England, the Assembly maintained it
was an advisory board to the Governor" (#30, This History of South Carolina
Under the Royal Government 1719-1776, by: Edward McCrady, p. 169).

	There are conflicting reports on the governing abilities of Thomas
Broughton.  In some references he is referred to as a "plain, honest, but
little distinguished, says Hewatt, for qualities suited to the position to
which he was…called; and it was charged that during his brief
administration many leading men acquired large possessions without many
scruples in the way in which they were obtained.  The Lt. Gov. without
suspicion, freely granting warrants for the lands they desired" (#31,

	"On another occasion Gov. Broughton and the Council voted to each of
themselves 6,000 acres apiece, on the theory, perhaps, that their public
labors deserved it" (#32, South Carolina, A Short History 1520-1948, by:
David Duncan Wallace, p. 145).

	Indian trade was very serious business in Charleston, SC.  When James
Oglethorpe founded the colony of Georgia, he began to require that the
South Carolina Traders have Georgia permits.  This led to serious conflicts
which almost started a war with South Carolina.  Thomas Broughton was
primarily responsible for this.  Oglethorpe did not actually have the
authority regarding the Indian Trade at the time he was enforcing it. 
Relations became so severe that Gov. Broughton let it be known that South
Carolina would back up its position with armed troops.

	About the same time the Spanish in Florida were threatening the Georgia
colony.  In case of war with the Spanish, Oglethorpe knew he would have to
have support from South Carolina.  A compromise was worked out, although
Oglethorpe never conceded that he did not have the rights to the Indian
Trade.  Relations between South Carolina and Georgia remained strained and
were never the same.

	It was during Gov. Broughton's administration in July 1736, that  the two
Wesley brothers -- John the elder, the founder of Methodism, and Charles,
better known as the hymn writer – made their first visit to Charles Town
(Charleston).  "John Wesley brought letters to Gov. Broughton regarding the
respective rights of Georgia and South Carolina  in the Indian Trade from
General Oglethorpe.

	John Wesley's second and third (last) visits to Charleston were also made
during the Broughton Administration, both in 1737" (#33, History of South
Carolina, edited by Snowmen Yates, LLD, pp. 227-228).

	Thomas Broughton died 22 November 1737, apparently in South Carolina.  The
notice of his death – the weekly issue of the Gazette is missing, but the
following week's issue mentions the great loss that the province had
sustained by the death of the Lt. Gov.  Where he is buried remains a
mystery.  There is no evidence today of a cemetery at his home, Mulberry
Plantation.  No one seems to know and in my research there is no mention of
his burial plot.

Compiled By:

Shirley C. Frain